2 &ensp·&enspZIMBABWE MAIN ECONOMIC MINERALS GOLD Gold mining and exploration in Zimbabwe has been going on from ancient times and it is estimated that a third (about 700 tonnes) of all historical gold production was mined locally from the seventh century until the introduction of mechanized mining methods with the arrival of Europeans about a century ago.
202058&ensp·&enspBambari and Bakala are iron ore deposits located approximately 1,500 km from the sea. Congo (Brazzaville) Deposits and production in Congo (Brazzaville) include: Mayoko in 2008 a possible iron ore mine is being considered Mayoko is already served by a narrow gauge railway branchline. The company is Exxaro Resources .
202059&ensp·&enspThe topic of early iron metallurgy in subSaharan Africa encompasses both studies of the technology and archaeology of indigenous iron production, and also an understanding of the role that iron production played in African societies before European colonization.. Some evidence from historical linguistics suggests that iron smelting may have been practiced by the Nok culture of Nigeria from as
Mining was Zimbabwe's leading industry in 2002, contributing 27% of export trade. The chief minerals were coal, gold, copper, nickel, tin, and clay, and Zimbabwe was a world leader in the production of lithium minerals, chrysotile asbestos, and ferrochromium, with more than half of the world's known chromium reserves.
Iron ore. South Africa is the leading producer of iron ore in Africa and the seventhlargest in the world. Iron ore is mined in the Northern Cape, Thabazimbi and the Limpopo Province. South Africa has about 1000 million tonnes of crude ore reserves and 650 million metric tonnes of iron reserves.
2020517&ensp·&enspThe African countries in which iron ore production for export and local use is most prevalent are South Africa, Algeria and Mauritania. Morocco and Zimbabwe also produce ore, but only for local use. Many African countries have vast iron ore deposits that are not yet mined. Nearly 70% of the South African iron ore operations are conducted by