2020519&ensp·&enspMining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Largescale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later.
202039&ensp·&enspOver 50% of all gold reserves are found in South Africa, with the Witwatersrand Basin remaining the largest gold resource in the world.. In 1975, South Africa was responsible for producing 40% of the gold ever mined. By 2010, however, China affirmed its status as the worlds largest gold producer with production of 324 tonnes of gold, followed by Australia (222.8 tonnes), and South Africa
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202041&ensp·&enspGold. Africa's gold mine production was 522,000 kilograms/1,148,400 pounds in 2005, which was a decrease of 14% compared with that of 2000. Production was considerably less than that of 1990 because of the longterm decline in South African production. From 1990 to 2005, Africa's share of world gold mine production decreased from 32% to about 21%.
South Deep gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world, by reserves. Located 45km southwest of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, South Deep is also the seventh deepest mine in the world, with a mine depth up to 2,998m below the surface. The managed mineral reserve at South Deep as of December 2018 stood at 32.8Moz.
Machavie gold mine, Potchefstroom, Dr Kenneth Kaunda District, North West, South Africa : Abandoned gold mine, active from the 1930s until the early 1940s. Located about 22 km west of Potchefstroom, a town is about 120 km westsouthwest of Johannesburg. Gold from the Black Reef